The Victorian era of the United Kingdom and its overseas Empire was the period of Queen Victoria’s rule from June 1837 to January 1901. The era was preceded by the Georgian period and succeeded by the Edwardian period. Victorian Era is seen as the link between Romanticism of the 18th century and the realism of the 20th century. The period was marked by many important social and historical changes that altered the nation in many ways. The population nearly doubled, the British Empire expanded exponentially and technological and industrial progress helped Britain become the most powerful country in the world.